Diabetes

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations. For an infographic about diabetes, click here.

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes: due to the body no longer making (enough) insulin; cannot prevent type 1 diabetes from occurring; autoimmune, genetic, and environmental risk factors; accounts for about 5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes: due to the body not making enough insulin or using insulin as it should; moderate weight loss and exercise can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes; risk factors include older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity; accounts for 90-95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes

Gestational Diabetes: due to the body not utilizing insulin correctly during pregnancy; risk factors include obesity and gaining too much weight during pregnancy; occurs during 2-10% of pregnancies

Prediabetes: Blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet in the diabetic range, usually without symptoms. People with pre-diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. However, weight loss and increased physical activity may prevent or delay diabetes and may return blood glucose levels to normal. For an infographic about prediabetes, click here. Find out if you're at risk for diabetes; take a quick survey.

Diabetes Statistics

  • 8.5% of adults in DuPage County have diabetes (as of 2012)
  • Diabetes is the 8th leading cause of death in DuPage County (as of 2011)
  • 1 of 3 American adults have prediabetes
  • 2 out of every 5 Americans are expected to develop type 2 diabetes in their lifetime
  • Half of all Hispanic men and women and non-Hispanic black women are predicted to develop type 2 diabetes during their lifetime

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

  • Be physically active
  • Eat healthy
  • Stay at a healthy weight
  • Don't smoke
  • Ask your doctor for recommendations
  • Answer questions to see if you're at risk for diabetes at https://doihaveprediabetes.org

Losing 5 to 7 percent of your body weight (10 to 14 pounds for a 200 pound person) by improving food choices and increasing physical activity can cut the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by more than half.

Managing Your Diabetes

See below for diabetes education programs to assist in managing your diabetes.

Access Community Health Network
Adventist Health Partners - Hinsdale
Adventist Health Partners - Itasca
Advocate Good Samaritan Hospital
Amita Adventist GlenOaks Hospital
Amita Adventist Hinsdale Hospital
Amita Alexian Brothers Medical Center
DuPage Medical Group
Edward-Elmhurst Health
Northwestern Medicine
Presence Mercy Medical Center
Rush-Copley Medical Center
VNA Health Care

Resources

Resources for Worksites

Resources for Healthcare Professionals

Dates to Remember

March 28, 2017 - American Diabetes Association Alert Day
November - American Diabetes Month